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hDKIR, a human homologue of theDrosophilakelch protein, involved in a ring-like structure

Authors
Journal
Experimental Cell Research
0014-4827
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
300
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2004.06.023
Keywords
  • Hdkir
  • Kelch
  • Ring Canal
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Abstract We have previously purified and cloned an apoptosis-inducing protein (AIP) derived from fish infected with the anisakis simplex. Recently, we identified a series of AIP-responsive genes in the HL-60 cell line using a subtractive hybridization method. Here we report the molecular cloning and characterization of one of these genes, which encodes a novel human kelch protein containing 568 amino acid residues, termed hDKIR. The Drosophila Kelch protein localizes to a ring canal structure, which is required for oocyte development. When hDKIR was expressed in cultured-mammalian cells, hDKIR localized to a ring-like structure. Furthermore, when coexpressed with Mayven or Keap1, hDKIR bound to Mayven and recruited Mayven into ring-like structures perfectly. This indicates that kelch homologues can interact with each other in a specific manner and such interaction can affect the subcellular localization of kelch proteins. Finally, domain analysis revealed that both the N-terminal POZ (poxviruses and zinc fingers) and intervening region (IVR) domains of hDKIR are essential for ring-like structure activity, suggesting that the development of the ring-like structure is independent of the ability to bind actin.

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