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Rhazes viewpoints about causes, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of gout

Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Articles
  • Biology
  • Medicine
  • Pharmacology


Gout, a medical condition of acute inflammatory joint disorders, has been recognized from the antiquity. However, the name of Rhazes, a Persian historic physician who has described the etiology, signs, symptoms, epidemiology, treatment and prevention of this malady more than a thousand year ago, hasn’t been taken into consideration appropriately. In this article, we studied and reported several chapters of Alhawi which is considered the most important Rhazes’s medical textbook, focussing on his hypotheses because he has described this disease more manifestly. His original manuscripts are originally written in Arabic and they hadn’t been translated to Persian until 1998. We intend to compare Rhazes opinions about gout with those of the literature in the area of rheumatology. According to our findings, Rhazes documented the symptoms of gout and categorized them scientifically. His insights about the treatment of gout, side effects of pharmacotherapy and management of the patients are so interesting and wonderful. Generally most of Rhazes viewpoints about gout are correct and compatible with recent findings. More investigation on Rhazes’ viewpoints can guide us to propose more reliable hypothesis and schematize cost effective studies by delving into past medical records.

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