Abstract Spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy of in situ grown epitaxial Fe layers on W(110) shows bulk-like behavior for more than two atomic Fe layers. For about ten and more atomic layers of Fe we find a spin polarization to be about -100% near the Fermi energy and +80 % between 1 eV and 3 eV binding energy. For the bilayer of Fe drastic changes in the spin-resolved spectra and a 20 % enhancement of the spin polarization compared to the bulk value are observed. The monolayer of Fe is ferromagnetically ordered with a spin polarization reduced by about 50%. A switching of the easy magnetization axis from  to [11̄0] is observed in the spin polarization with decreasing Fe layer thickness near d = (65±5) Å.