This study is to examine a level and a phase of civic and citizenship education in Korea by participation in International Civic and Citizenship Education Study(ICCS), which is managed by International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement(IEA) and to plan to establish strategies and programs for civic and citizenship education in Korea by analyzing policies of civic and citizenship education in the Western and Asian countries. This study refers to the second phase(the second year) among three phases of the research, which is completed by 2010 to attain its purpose. The second phase of the research divides into two parts. The first part describes preparation for the main survey, its operation and the groundwork of the ICCS 2009 report. The second part analyzes a concept and a theory of civic and citizenship education in the first phase, the outcomes of the case studies of civic and citizenship education in the Western and Asian countries and the analysis of the data of the Asian Regional Pilot Survey. To proceed the ICCS 2009 Main Survey, firstly, the assessment instruments have delicately been developed, adapted and translated. Secondly, the survey has been administered. Thirdly, the data of the responses have precisely been punched and exhaustively verified. The ICCS 2009 assessment instruments have been developed through the meeting, in which the IEA staff and the ICCS National Research Coordinators(NRCs) participated. The content Domains are divided into the four parts; 'Civic Society and Systems', 'Civic Principles', 'Civic Participation', and 'Civic Identities'. There are the Affective-Behavioral Domains to distinguish the different types of student perceptions and behaviors and the Cognitive Domains to assess the level of students' knowledge and achievement. With these components of the concept, the ICCS 2009 assessment instruments are composed of 5 kinds of questionnaires. The ICCS 2009 Main Survey in Korea has been conducted in May this year. All of the tests of the selected schools are well organized. Then the data from the instruments of the Main Survey are entered into the data file through WinDEM. These data files must be submitted to the IEA and should be developed through the exchange of idea between the NRC and the IEA. The second part of this study, through the analysis of the concept of civic and citizenship education inside and outside of the country, the research finds out the implications that the strategy of civic and citizenship education in Korea should be developed on the basis of the model of citizenship promotion in developmental stage of life, which is described by micro(individual), middle(community), and macro(national, global) level. After all the analysis of the results of ICCS 2009 for the next step can be suggested in the following; firstly, 1) which level of the citizenship be place in the Korean students, compared to the others, 2) in which aspects of competency the Korean student have the strength and weakness, 3) which kinds of backgrounds of the students make the citizenship increased, 4) what the effect of the civic and citizenship education in the schools can be and which subjects are related to that effect, 5) especially, which knowledge of the civic and citizenship education can affect the civic participation and practice. Secondly, the results of the Main Survey, the analysis of the case studies and the analysis of the National Context Survey should be analyzed synthetically and should help to construct the policies of the civic and citizenship education. Finally, it is expected that the recent data of ICCS 2009 could be analyzed comparatively to the CIVED, the first phase of the research and could be the valuable data as the data of the civic and citizenship education for the third phase of the research in the year of 2019 and for more than 10 years.