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A rapid and versatile method for cloning viroids or other circular plant pathogenic RNAs

Authors
Journal
Analytical Biochemistry
0003-2697
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
203
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0003-2697(92)90312-u
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Abstract We surveyed the occurrence of unique restriction sites on the cDNAs of viroids, virusoids, and plant viral satellite RNAs that have a circular RNA as an intermediate of replication and found that four such sites would linearize their circular cDNAs. A rapid and simple method was then developed for cloning a naturally occurring viroid from Nematanthus wettsteinii plants. First-strand cDNA was synthesized using random hexanucleotide DNA primers and M-MuLV reverse transcriptase (Superscript RT). Second-strand DNA was synthesized by employing the replacement synthesis method using Escherichia coli RNase H, E. coli DNA polymerase I, E. coli DNA ligase, and β-NAD +. The circular double-stranded DNA was analyzed for the presence of commonly available, unique restriction sites and subsequently linearized with a selected restriction enzyme. The linear cDNA was ligated to dephosphorylated plasmid vector pGEM 3Z f(+) and cloned in E. coli strain DH5α. This cDNA cloning procedure is suitable for cloning sequence variants of well-characterized viroids, virusoids, certain plant viral satellite RNAs, and new such pathogens of unknown sequence.

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