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The genusCynaraL. (Asteraceae-Cardueae)

Authors
Journal
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society
0024-4074
Publisher
Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing)
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Carduinae
  • Compositae
  • Distribution Maps
  • Vicariance Biogeography

Abstract

Abstract This study includes a taxonomic revision of the genus Cynara. Eight species and four subspecies are recognized, viz. C. algarbiensis, C. auranitica, C. baetica including subsp. baetica and subsp. maroccana (formerly known as C. hystrix), C. cardunculus including subsp. cardunculus and subsp. flavescens, C. cornigera, C. cyrenaica, C. humilis (formerly sometimes in the genus Bourgaea) and C. syriaca. The cultivated artichoke (formerly C. scolymus) and cardoon are both included in C. cardunculus. One species, C. tournefortii, is excluded from Cynara. A cladistic study of the genus is also undertaken and its morphology, anatomy and phytogeography are discussed.

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