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Ericoid mycorrhizal fungi from heavy metal polluted soils: their identification and growth in the presence of zinc ions

Authors
Journal
Mycological Research
0953-7562
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
104
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/s0953756299001252

Abstract

Ericoid mycorrhizal fungi can alleviate heavy metal toxicity to their host plant, but the mechanisms that lie behind this increased tolerance are unknown. As a first step in the characterisation of two isolates of Oidiodendron maius from mycorrhizal roots of Vaccinium myrtillus growing in heavily contaminated soils, we investigated their taxonomic position, their mycorrhizal capabilities and their ability to grow in the presence of heavy metals. When growth was compared with isolates from non-polluted soils, a better performance was observed in the presence of increasing concentrations of zinc salts, especially at higher ion concentrations. The mechanisms of tolerance may include the production of mucilage and extracellular pigments.

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