Affordable Access

Policy Learning in Embedded Negotiations: Explaining EU Electricity Liberalization



In 1996, after eight years of controversial negotiations, theEuropean Union (EU) agreed to liberalize EU electricity markets. Thisreform was a watershed in the evolution of a sector that until then hadbeen exempted from competition. The outcome is puzzling, because itdiffers markedly from the member states initial positions on thisissue. As many member states initially defended their sectoralstructures, several commentators doubted they could ever agree on adirective.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.