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Features of the occurrence of the additional stratification on the bottom-side F region over the equatorial location of Trivandrum

Authors
Journal
Advances in Space Research
0273-1177
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
54
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2013.12.036
Keywords
  • F0.5 Layer
  • Equatorial Ionosphere
  • Dynamics

Abstract

Abstract The general features of occurrence of an additional layer on the bottom side of F region, referred to as F0.5 layer in the pre noon period, over the magnetic equatorial location of Trivandrum (8.5°N; 77°E; dip lat of 0.5°N) in India during the period from 2004 to 2007 are presented using ionosonde observations. The F0.5 layer has a June (northern summer) solsticial maximum probability of occurrence with secondary maxima during December (northern winter) solstice. The seasonal as well as the day-to-day variability in the occurrence of F0.5 layer as mentioned in this paper seems to be a result of the variations in the amplitude and phases of the tides and gravity waves, and inventory of the metallic ions of meteoric origin. This study brings out an important manifestation of morning time F layer base region dynamics.

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