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Similarity in non-rotating and rotating turbulent pipe flows

Cambridge University Press
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  • Mathematics


The Lie group approach developed by Oberlack (1997) is used to derive new scaling laws for high-Reynolds-number turbulent pipe flows. The scaling laws, or, in the methodology of Lie groups, the invariant solutions, are based on the mean and fluctuation momentum equations. For their derivation no assumptions other than similarity of the Navier Stokes equations have been introduced where the Reynolds decomposition into the mean and fluctuation quantities has been implemented. The set of solutions for the axial mean velocity includes a logarithmic scaling law, which is distinct from the usual law of the wall, and an algebraic scaling law. Furthermore, an algebraic scaling law for the azimuthal mean velocity is obtained. In all scaling laws the origin of the independent coordinate is located on the pipe axis, which is in contrast to the usual wall-based scaling laws. The present scaling laws show good agreement with both experimental and DNS data. As observed in experiments, it is shown that the axial mean velocity normalized with the mean bulk velocity um has a fixed point where the mean velocity equals the bulk velocity independent of the Reynolds number. An approximate location for the fixed point on the pipe radius is also given. All invariant solutions are consistent with all higher-order correlation equations. A large-Reynolds-number asymptotic expansion of the Navier Stokes equations on the curved wall has been utilized to show that the near-wall scaling laws for at surfaces also apply to the near-wall regions of the turbulent pipe flow.

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