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Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement:Outcomes of Patients With Moderate or Severe Mitral Regurgitation

Authors
Journal
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
0735-1097
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
59
Issue
23
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2012.02.020
Keywords
  • Aortic Valve
  • Mitral Regurgitation
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Regurgitation
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of mitral regurgitation (MR) on outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and the impact of TAVR on MR. Background Little is known of the influence of MR on outcomes after TAVR. Methods The outcomes of patients with mild or less (n = 319), moderate (n = 89), and severe (n = 43) MR were evaluated after TAVR at 2 Canadian centers. Results Patients with moderate or severe MR had a higher mortality rate than those with mild or less MR during the 30 days after TAVR (adjusted hazard ratio: 2.10; 95% confidence interval: 1.12 to 3.94; p = 0.02). However, the mortality rates after 30 days were similar (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.82; 95% confidence interval: 0.50 to 1.34; p = 0.42). One year after TAVR, moderate MR had improved in 58%, remained moderate in 17%, and worsened to severe in 1%, and 24% of patients had died. Severe MR had improved in 49% and remained severe in 16%, and 35% of patients had died. Multivariate predictors of improved MR at 1 year (vs. unchanged MR, worse MR, or death) were a mean transaortic gradient ≥40 mm Hg, functional (as opposed to structural) MR, the absence of pulmonary hypertension, and the absence of atrial fibrillation. Conclusions Moderate or severe MR in patients undergoing TAVR is associated with a higher early, but not late, mortality rate. At 1-year follow-up, MR was improved in 55% of patients with moderate or severe MR at baseline. Improvement was more likely in patients with high transaortic gradients, with functional MR, without pulmonary hypertension and without atrial fibrillation.

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