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Il Bronzo finale della Sardegna

Authors
Publisher
Istituto italiano di preistoria e protostoria
Publication Date
Keywords
  • L-Ant/01 Preistoria E Protostoria
Disciplines
  • Economics

Abstract

Nel BF, l’industria ceramica presenta una grande varietà di forme, tra cui ciotole carenate, olle, calefattoi e alari, anfore, boccali monoansati e brocche askoidi, spesso decorate da motivi incisi. Sulla base delle produzioni ceramiche è possibile distinguere tre fasi, l’ultima delle quali non chiaramente distinguibile dalla prima età del ferro. Si ha un grande sviluppo della metallurgia con un ampio repertorio di utensili ed attrezzi funzionali a varie attività economiche. Non vengono più edifi cati i nuraghi e l’insediamento si organizza in villaggi. I nuraghi preesistenti vengono comunque utilizzati, non solo come residenze ma anche per l’immagazzinamento di derrate e come luoghi di culto. Di frequente, le capanne sorte intorno al nuraghe, nel cortile o sulle rovine del bastione, sfruttano il materiale da costruzione derivato dal crollo delle torri. Sono documentate capanne di forma trapezoidale, ellittica, rettangolare oltre che circolare, spesso disposte in isolati attorno ad un cortile centrale. Grande sviluppo hanno le architetture sacre, costituite da edifi ci a megaron, strutture circolari, pozzi e fonti sacre. <br/><br/> In the FBA, the ceramic industry shows a great variety of forms. These were carenated bowls, storage jars, braziers and clay cooking stands, amphoras, jugs with large handles and askoid jugs (closed vases with narrow asymmetrical necks). These were often with engraved decorative motifs. Based on the pottery types, it’s possible to diff erentiate three phases, the last one is unlikely to have been distinguishable from the EIA. Metallurgy also developed greatly during this period, and this provides us with important information on the technology used in the economic activities of the Nuragic people. In this period, the construction of nuraghe stopped and the population lived in villages. Th e nuraghe were used as food stores or for cult rituals, although in rare cases they continued to be inhabited. When the walls of the nuraghe deteriorated and the upper parts of the walls fell down, rather than rebuild them the people used the stones for building their huts. Th ese were built around the nuraghe and sometimes even inside the courtyard or bastion of the nuraghe. In this period the ground plan of the huts were not only circular in form but also trapezoid, elliptical and rectangular. Th ere were central courtyards in the groups of huts that formed the villages. This is the phase of the largest development of the sacred architecture, represented by megaron temples, circular structures, and sacred wells and springs.

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