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Use of transcatheter heart valves for a valve-in-valve implantation in patients with degenerated aortic bioprosthesis: Technical considerations and results

Authors
Journal
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
0022-5223
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
144
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2012.07.104
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Objective Transcatheter aortic valve implantation has been used to treat high-risk patients with bioprosthetic valve degeneration (valve-in-valve). We report our experience with transcatheter aortic valve implantation in the treatment of degenerated biologic aortic valve prostheses and discuss factors that can influence the outcome. Methods From February 2009 to October 2011, 278 patients underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation, of whom 23 underwent a valve-in-valve procedure with the Edwards Sapien valve to treat a failing bioprostheses in the aortic position. Eight of these valves were stentless bioprostheses. Thirteen patients had valve failure resulting predominantly from stenosis, and the remaining resulting from regurgitation. Results Mean age was 76.9 ± 14.4 years. The mean logistic EuroSCORE was 31.8% ± 20.3% and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 7.6% ± 5.4%. All patients were New York Heart Association class III or IV. The majority of the operations (21/23) were performed via the transapical route. Procedural success was 100%, although 1 patient with a degenerated homograft needed immediate placement of a second valve because of low placement of the first. The reduction in the mean gradient was 31.2 ± 17.06 mm Hg to 9.13 ± 4.9 mm Hg. In those patients with predominant aortic regurgitation (9/23), reduction in aortic regurgitation was achieved in all. The median length of stay was 11.7 days (range, 3-44 days). In-hospital and/or 30-day mortality was 0%. Conclusions Valve-in-valve is a safe and feasible alternative to treat high-risk patients with failing aortic bioprostheses. The early results are excellent, with improvement seen in hemodynamics.

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