This article attempts to delineate complex collective memory shared in the multi-cultural space like wider Black Sea area. It first deals with the theoretical approaches by Maurice Halbwachs, Pierre Norra and Jean Assman, while striving for a theoretical approach that can excavate multiple layers of memory outside of unilateral nation-state paradigm. The article then turns to two mnemonic elements essential to the area, Osman/Muslim and Rusian/Soviet memories. Despite its fundamental religiosity, the Osman Turk Empire remained a secular state, resulting in the legacy of the mixture of religious, political and administrative memories. Further, the traumatic moments like Armenian Genocide confounded the identity formation based on collective memory in the region. The Russian memory functioned as a doublet, as the liberator and the ppressor of the nation. The socialist/Soviet modernization and ensuing socialist subject formation still wield dominating influence.