In this article, the author starts from the fact that the pastorale is in continual search to understand man in his time and cultural-social surrounding and for the most adequate forms of mediation of faith. In his carefor man, the pastorale will necessarily lean on dialogue with other disciplines, amongst else, psychology, that is, psychotherapy which in some way, he already recognises and knows through his own experience of pastoral practise. Equal dialogue between various disciplines would contribute not only to man's prosperity, but would eventually open up new perspectives to the respective sciences without interfering in the area of competencies of the other. The author opens the perspective of dialogue with the fact that pastorale will not find an equal partner in psychotherapy and so the author presents a summary of the emergence and history of modem psychotherapy while in the second section he points out the reasons for the variety of psychotherapy being offered and the directions of its establishment. The third section of the article deals with the fact that not only do the psychotherapy scene, but also the state within a particular direction of psychotherapy need not appear monolithic but instead a experiences an entire series of developments and distancing from the original hypothesis. In that regard, four blocks of psychotherapy are brieffy taken: psychoanalysis, behavioural psychotherapy with a »cognitive turnabout«, psychotherapy directed to the person client and Gestalt. All these indicate an internal questioning regarding sensibility and effectiveness of one's own psychotherapeutic offer to apers on in their time and concrete cultural and social surrounding. The development of psychotherapy is susceptible to the influence of achievement in other sciences, for example, genetics, psychosomatics, where achievements are fascinating and point out a possible comprehension of certain facts of the psychological dimension but also the need to re-question any possible consequences to the implicit image of man that these results postulate and of the understanding of other disciplines that are eventually unconsciously modulated. In a dialogue with other disciplines, psychology questions the influence on the development of the economy, that is, society, on the identity and sexual identity, which is something the pastorale needs to keep in mind too. In conclusion the author points out some of the possible directions in the parity of dialogue between the pastorale and psychotherapy mutual benefit, keeping in mind the analysis of the preceding chapter; dialogue should contribute to decreasing mutual prejudices and should co-ordinate their activities to the benefit of man.