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Assessment of exhaled nitric oxide by a new hand-held device

Authors
Journal
Respiratory Medicine
0954-6111
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
104
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2010.06.005
Keywords
  • Exhaled Nitric Oxide
  • Logan
  • Niox Mino
  • Nobreath
  • Reproducibility
Disciplines
  • Chemistry
  • Medicine

Abstract

Summary Background Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) has been implicated as a pulmonary biomarker. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of a new hand-held device to a standard chemiluminescence analyzer and to another portable device. Methods FENO levels measured by NObreath (Bedfont) were compared to those of (1) a chemiluminescence detector (Logan, Logan Research) and (2) the electrochemical portable NIOX MINO (Aerocrine) in 18 healthy volunteers on three consecutive occasions: in the morning, 1 h and 24 h later. Results Comparing FENO levels obtained by NObreath to those by Logan values were similar and a very close linear relationship was found between the two devices ( r = 0.923, p < 0.001). The mean inter-device difference in FENO level was −3.45 ppb and the limits of agreement (Bland–Altman test) were −10.98 and 4.08 ppb. In the second series FENO levels obtained by NObreath were found to be slightly higher compared to those of NIOX MINO, but still showed a close correlation ( r = 0.681, p < 0.001). The mean inter-device difference in FENO level was 4.36 ppb and the limits of agreement were −7.38 and 16.1 ppb. Analyzing the repeated FENO measurements, the mean coefficient of variation using NObreath tended to be lower than that of NIOX MINO (16.9 vs. 24.7%, p = 0.059), while it was similar as the value obtained with Logan (11.8 vs. 9.0%, p = 0.342). Conclusions FENO values measured with NObreath are reproducible and in good agreement with those obtained by NIOX MINO and Logan indicating that NObreath is suitable for use in clinical practice.

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