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Ion exchange uptake of ammonium in wastewater from a Sewage Treatment Plant by zeolitic materials from fly ash

Journal of Hazardous Materials
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.04.025
  • Ammonium Removal
  • Cation Exchange
  • Zeolitic Materials
  • Urban Wastewater
  • Sewage Treatment


Abstract The potential value of zeolitic materials (ZM) obtained from a hazardous waste, such as coal fly ash, for the retention of NH 4 + present in liquid effluents from a Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) is studied. A wastewater sample was taken from an STP in Zaragoza (Spain) after conventional treatment at the Plant. The water was treated with different amounts of three ZM: NaP1 zeolite, K-F zeolite and K-Chabazite/K-Phillipsite zeolites all of them in powdered and granulated state. The wastewater was treated by two kinds of processes: continuous stirring batch experiments with powdered ZM, and fixed packed bed of granulated ZM in a column. The powdered materials reduced about 80% of NH 4 + from wastewater, even in the presence of Ca 2+, which competes with NH 4 + for the cation exchange sites in zeolites. Around 70% of NH 4 + reduction was achieved with granulated materials. In both cases, moderate ZM/wastewater ratios had to be used to achieve those results, with K-zeolites slightly less effective in NH 4 + retention.

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