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Ergodic theorems along sequences and Hardy fields.

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Publication Date
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PMC
Keywords
  • Research Article
Disciplines
  • Mathematics

Abstract

Let a(x) be a real function with a regular growth as x --> infinity. [The precise technical assumption is that a(x) belongs to a Hardy field.] We establish sufficient growth conditions on a(x) so that the sequence ([a(n)])(infinity)(n=1) is a good averaging sequence in L2 for the pointwise ergodic theorem. A sequence (an) of positive integers is a good averaging sequence in L2 for the pointwise ergodic theorem if in any dynamical system (Omega, Sigma, m, T) for f [symbol, see text] in L2(Omega) the averages [equation, see text] converge for almost every omicron in. Our result implies that sequences like ([ndelta]), where delta > 1 and not an integer, ([n log n]), and ([n2/log n]) are good averaging sequences for L2. In fact, all the sequences we examine will turn out to be good averaging for Lp, p > 1; and even for L log L. We will also establish necessary and sufficient growth conditions on a(x) so that the sequence ([a(n)]) is good averaging for mean convergence. Note that for some a(x) (e.g., a(x) = log2 x), ([a(n)]) may be good for mean convergence without being good for pointwise convergence.

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