Abstract Background Muscle healing is a time-dependent process associated with an increase in the total amount of local collagen fibers. Platelet-rich plasma therapy (PRPT) associated with exercise may improve this healing process. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the regenerative effect of PRPT in association with exercise training on musculoskeletal healing. Methods Male Wistar rats were submitted to an injury in the vastus lateralis muscle and randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 5/group): sedentary sham-operated (SSO); sedentary group submitted to PRPT (SPR); swim-trained (SWT); and swim-trained group submitted to PRPT (SWP). Serum lactate level was used to confirm the training protocol effectiveness to increase aerobic fitness. The collagen fiber concentration was measured by the polarization colors in picrosirius red-stained tissue sections. Results Lactate levels decreased in both training groups (SWT and SWP; P < .05) after training (SWT: from 6.2 ± 0.44 to 4.7 ± 0.22 mmol/L; SWP: from 5.5 ± 0.99 to 4.0 ± 0.78 mmol/L). There were less type 1 collagen fibers in SWP group compared with other groups (SSO = 31.8 ± 10.3, SSP = 32.3 ± 13.5, SWT = 14.6 ± 13.4, SWP = 5.7 ± 4.7, P < .05), while there were more type 3 collagen fibers on SWP (SSO = 68.7 ± 9.8, SSP = 71.2 ± 12.2, SWT = 85.4 ± 13.4, SWP = 94.4 ± 4.6, P < .05) in the injured region. Conclusion Exercise in association with PRPT enhances the skeletal muscle-healing process.