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Pěstování trávníků fotbalových hřišť 1. FK Příbram

Česká zemědělská univerzita v Praze
Publication Date
  • Fotbalový Trávník
  • Tráva
  • Pokryvnost
  • Floristické Složení
  • Utužení Půdy
  • Football Turf
  • Grass
  • Coverage
  • Floristic Composition
  • Soil Compaction
  • Design


The purpose of growing grass is a crop that is visually beautiful, green, thick and sporting purposes very resistant strain. For the pattern of the grass is always given by the English lawn. English lawn is given a model for all lawns just beautiful appearance, proper mowing, maintenance and care taken in its maintenance. And precisely these qualities and insight must have football turf, which must withstand a heavy burden. And with the growth of football in England in the 19th century boom started planting lawns and expansion of technology growing and maintaining grass football surfaces. The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the planting, care and maintenance of soccer fields and lawns first FK Pribram and review and assess the course of their care and maintenance and suggest improving grown and organizational measures. During the year, I watched football on selected courses of treatment and maintenance of football turf, vegetation cover, floristic composition of vegetation, soil compaction and anthropogenic load of courses. The measurements were collected two golf courses and a course and especially designed for playing major league matches and trainings intended for team A. This was a newly built three years ago, according to the applicable standards for the first league match and has built a football area with hot water heating. A comparison of the field B, which is designed for team B and for teenagers and youth championship match and intended also to practice. Course B was reclaimed in 2007. Football field I divided into four sections and a field edge, field center and crease the north and south of the crease and these sections were measured. Vegetation cover was assessed by point C, the cover was recorded floristic composition of vegetation consisting of perennial ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass, undesirable weeds and open spaces. Soil compaction in the soil profile (MPa) was measured by penetrometer and anthropogenic load by hours of sports according to schedule training sessions and matches the number of players and teams according to the formula. Data were statistically evaluated by multifactorial analysis of variance LSD ? = 0.05 for Statgraphics XV. A prerequisite for the evaluation of the results were made three hypotheses. The first hypothesis is that the new football field A, which is built according to applicable standards and finish with Fibresand comparing football field B will have better vegetation cover and low compaction at the recommended hours spent on sports players on the field, the second hypothesis is that the higher the total number of hours of sport playgrounds than recommended have resulted in greater soil compaction (over 4 MPa at a depth of 200 mm) of land subject to the same technological methods of growing and maintenance of lawns and third hypothesis is that the greater soil compaction on football fields A and B affects the lower coverage of football turf and influence on the floristic composition of a football pitch. The first part of the thesis describes the review of literature on the issue of football turf planting, care and maintenance during the year. The second part deals with own results and measurements. For the evaluation of the data was first determine anthropogenic workload of courses by sporting hours. Its registration workload courses (exact weekly schedule) leads groundsman and by squads of players were added sports hours on both courses A and B. vegetation cover, vegetation and floristic composition penetrometric measurements were carried out from March 2012 to November 2012. Measurements were carried out every second Saturday of the month. Coverage was calculated according to EU standards DIN 12231 (IEC 795930) point method C. twine with 40 knots spaced 5 cm. The cover crop was recorded floristic composition of grasslands consisting of perennial ryegrass, Kentucky bluegrass, undesirable weeds and open spaces. The resulting measurements and their evaluation is then in the next part of the thesis. When evaluating the anthropogenic burden hours for sports field A - avoid crossing them. It is a given fact that the groundsman well coordinated training for all teams and shifts part of the training on the new football field with artificial turf. Football field B is used by more than 1,286 hours is recommended, ie, by 20.5%. The measurements show that the field to be less compacted than field B, but greater vegetation cover almost three percent was measured on the pitch B. Better coverage crease was measured on the field B. At least compacted ground And it was in the months of March and April. And the greatest coverage was measured at the edges of the field A, where the average coverage was measured at 93.06%. On the edges of the field A was measured and less compaction than on the field B. Confirming the first hypothesis is that at lower compaction was measured greater coverage. According to anthropogenic load, it was 20.5% with a load of field B. Field A had anthropogenic load comparable to the recommended hours of 4544 hours even 39 hours less than recommended. When measurements were confirmed by increased soil compaction when a larger number of sporting hours according to two hypotheses. Average total values ranged depth 50 mm 1.85 MPa - 2.17 MPa at a depth of 100 mm 2.58 MPa - 2.82 MPa at a depth of 200 mm in the range of 3.01 MPa - 3.09 MPa. At any measuring point were measured 4, 0 MPa and more. Or the third hypothesis has not been confirmed that increased soil compaction resulting in reduced coverage and impact on the floristic composition of vegetation. Average soil compaction on the field and was measured at 3.01 MPa and field B was measured average 3.09 MPa compaction of course, but overall greater average coverage was measured on the field B. When comparing the floristic composition of football turf, according to the results show that on the pitch A greater representation by about 3% perennial ryegrass and field B is about 3% more represented meadow grass and there is also 1% more weeds. The cover was evaluated worst crease on the pitch - north and south. Although it was used drnování with seeding mixtures for football turf and SOS SPEED GREEN showed no improvements during July 2012, when the course was used at least just because of the regeneration of vegetation. The result of coverage is then also reflected in the categorization of the main playing area committees Football Association in August, where the course and received a vegetation cover only one point (see Figure No.31). The work also includes assessment and evaluation of additional planting and maintenance interventions during the growing season in the maintenance and cultivation of football turf. In conclusion, the thesis evaluates all three hypotheses supported by calculations of physical measurements during 2012 and data were statistically evaluated by multifactorial analysis of variance LSD ? = 0.05 for Statgraphics XV. At the end of the thesis are then supported by measurements and calculations in tables, charts and completed in photographs.

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