Mourad, J. Sagnotti, A.

"Brane supersymmetry breaking" is a peculiar phenomenon that can occur in perturbative orientifold vacua. It results from the simultaneous presence, in the vacuum, of non-mutually BPS sets of BPS branes and orientifolds, which leave behind a net tension and thus a runaway potential, but no tachyons. In the simplest ten-dimensional realization, the ...

Partouche, Hervé de Vaulchier, Balthazar

When supersymmetry is spontaneously broken at tree level, the spectrum of the heterotic string compactified on orbifolds of tori contains an infinite number of potentially tachyonic modes. We show that this implies instabilities of Minkowski spacetime, when the scale of supersymmetry breaking is of the order of the string scale. We derive the phase...

Partouche, Hervé de Vaulchier, Balthazar
Published in
Journal of High Energy Physics

We consider phase transitions occurring in four-dimensional heterotic orbifold models, when the scale of spontaneous breaking of N\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{d...

Cacciapaglia, Giacomo Cai, Haiying Deandrea, Aldo Kushwaha, Ashwani
Published in
Journal of High Energy Physics

We consider a realisation of composite Higgs models in the context of SU(6)/SO(6) symmetry, which features a custodial bi-triplet, two Higgs doublets and dark matter candidates. This model can arise from an underlying gauge-fermion theory. The general vacuum structure is explored using the top partial compositeness to generate a special vacuum char...

Garcia-Saenz, Sebastian Renaux-Petel, Sébastien Ronayne, John

Heavy scalar fields can undergo an instability during inflation as a result of their kinetic couplings with the inflaton. This is known as the geometrical destabilization of inflation, as it relies on the effect of the negative curvature of the field-space manifold overcoming the stabilizing force of the potential. This instability can drive the sy...

Kounnas, Costas Partouche, Herve

We consider a class of heterotic N=2→0 super no-scale Z2 -orbifold models. An appropriate stringy Scherk–Schwarz supersymmetry breaking induces tree level masses to all massless bosons of the twisted hypermultiplets and therefore stabilizes all twisted moduli. At high supersymmetry breaking scale, the tachyons that occur in the N=4→0 parent theorie...

Bilić, Neven Tupper, Gary
Published in
Open Physics

We review the tachyon model derived from the dynamics of a 3-brane moving in the AdS5 bulk. The bulk geometry is based on the Randall-Sundrum II model extended to include the radion. The effective tachyon Lagrangian is modified due to the back-reaction of the brane on the bulk geometry.

Vladimirov, V. S.
Published in
Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

We discuss mathematical aspects of the nonexistence of continuous (nontrivial) solutions of boundary value problems for equations of p-adic closed and open strings in the one-dimensional case. We find that the number of sign changes of the solution ψ(t) is not equal to the order of zeros of the function ψn(t) and that nonnegative (nonpositive) solu...

Serghienko, A. V. Rubakov, V. A.
Published in
Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

We study the evolution of metric perturbations in a model of UV-stable phantom dark energy. The model has tachyon instabilities at long wavelengths. We find that like the tachyon modes themselves, metric perturbations grow exponentially in time, starting from very small values determined by vacuum fluctuations, and may become sizeable at late times...

Arefeva, I. Ya. Bulatov, N. V. Gorbachev, R. V.
Published in
Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

We consider classical aspects of the dynamics of scalar fields with nonpositive-definite potentials in the Friedmann cosmology. Such models appear as effective local models in the framework of nonlocal models related to string field theory. In an effective local approximation after a suitable field redefinition, the Higgs potential with a negative ...