Wehrung, Friedrich

It is well known that the real spectrum of any commutative unital ring, and the ℓ-spectrum of any Abelian lattice-ordered group with order-unit, are all completely normal spectral spaces. We prove the following results: (1) Every real spectrum can be embedded, as a spectral subspace, into some ℓ-spectrum. (2) Not every real spectrum is an ℓ-spectru...

Wehrung, Friedrich

In an earlier paper we established that every second countable, completely normal spectral space is homeomorphic to the ℓ-spectrum of some Abelian ℓ-group. We extend that result to ℓ-spectra of vector lattices over any countable totally ordered division ring k. Extending our original machinery, about finite lattices of polyhedra, from linear to aff...

zelaya, kevin dey, sanjib hussin, veronique rosas-ortiz, oscar

In this paper, we show that the standard techniques that are utilized to study the classical-like properties of the pure states for Hermitian systems can be adjusted to investigate the classicality of pure states for non-Hermitian systems. The method is applied to the states of complex-valued potentials that are generated by Darboux transformations...

Lucas, François Schaub, Daniel Spivakovsky, Mark

This paper represents a step in our program towards the proof of the Pierce--Birkhoff conjecture. In the nineteen eighties J. Madden proved that the Pierce-Birkhoff conjecture for a ring A$is equivalent to a statement about an arbitrary pair of points $\alpha,\beta\in\sper\ A$ and their separating ideal $$; we refer to this statement as the Local P...

Lucas, François Madden, James Schaub, Daniel Spivakovsky, Mark

This paper is a step in our program for proving the Piece-Birkhoff Conjecture for regular rings of any dimension (this would contain, in particular, the classical Pierce-Birkhoff conjecture which deals with polynomial rings over a real closed field). We first recall the Connectedness and the Definable Connectedness conjectures, both of which imply ...

Siegl, Petr
Published in
Integral Equations and Operator Theory

Numerical analysis indicates that all eigenvalues of a \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\mathcal{PT}}$$\end{document} -symmetric Laplace–Beltrami operat...

Quarez, Ronan

It is known that any symmetric matrix $M$ with entries in $\R[x]$ and which is positive semi-definite for any substitution of $x\in\R$, has a Smith normal form whose diagonal coefficients are constant sign polynomials in $\R[x]$. \par We generalize this result by considering a symmetric matrix $M$ with entries in a formally real principal domain $A...

Lucas, François Madden, James Schaub, Daniel Spivakovsky, Mark

Let R be a real closed field. The Pierce-Birkhoff conjecture says that any piecewise polynomial function f on R^n can be obtained from the polynomial ring R[x_1,...,x_n] by iterating the operations of maximum and minimum. The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, we state a new conjecture, called the Connectedness conjecture, which asserts the e...

Lucas, François Schaub, Daniel Spivakovsky, Mark

Let R be a real closed field and A=R[x_1,...,x_n]. Let sper A denote the real spectrum of A. There are two kinds of points in sper A : finite points (those for which all of |x_1|,...,|x_n| are bounded above by some constant in R) and points at infinity. In this paper we study the structure of the set of points at infinity of sper A and their associ...

Caliceti, Emanuela
Published in
Czechoslovak Journal of Physics

Some recent results are described on the reality of the spectrum of \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $$\mathcal{P}\mathcal{T}$$ \end{document}-symmetric S...