Karananas, Georgios K. Kazakov, Vladimir Shaposhnikov, Mikhail

Quantum field theories with exact but spontaneously broken conformal invariance have an intriguing feature: their vacuum energy (cosmological constant) is equal to zero. Up to now, the only known ultraviolet complete theories where conformal symmetry can be spontaneously broken were associated with supersymmetry (SUSY), with the most prominent exam...

Grain, Julien Vennin, Vincent

Canonical transformations are ubiquitous in Hamiltonian mechanics, since they not only describe the fundamental invariance of the theory under phase-space reparameterisations, but also generate the dynamics of the system. In the first part of this work we study the symplectic structure associated with linear canonical transformations. After reviewi...

Nemkov, Nikita Klevtsov, Semyon

We consider the generating functional (logarithm of the normalization factor) of the Laughlin state on a sphere, in the limit of a large number of particles $N$. The problem is reformulated in terms of a perturbative expansion of a 2d QFT, resembling the Liouville field theory. We develop an analog of the Liouville loop perturbation theory, which a...

Blanchet, Christian De Renzi, Marco

Vladimir Turaev discovered in the early years of quantum topology that the notion of modular category was an appropriate structure for building 3-dimensional Topological Quantum Field Theories (TQFTs for short) containing invariants of links in 3-manifolds such as Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev ones. In recent years, generalized notions of modular categ...

Hebbar, Aditya Karateev, Denis Penedones, Joao

We review unitarity and crossing constraints on scattering amplitudes for particles with spin in four dimensional quantum field theories. As an application we study two to two scattering of neutral spin 1/2 fermions in detail. Assuming Mandelstam analyticity of its scattering amplitude, we use the numerical S-matrix bootstrap method to estimate var...

Falkowski, Adam González-Alonso, Martín Tabrizi, Zahra
Published in
Journal of High Energy Physics

Neutrino oscillations are precision probes of new physics. Apart from neutrino masses and mixings, they are also sensitive to possible deviations of low-energy interactions between quarks and leptons from the Standard Model predictions. In this paper we develop a systematic description of such non-standard interactions (NSI) in oscillation experime...

Lahoche, Vincent Ousmane Samary, Dine Tamaazousti, Mohamed

The principal component analysis is one of the most popular methods aiming to extract relevant features from very large datasets, focusing on the eigenvalues of the covariance matrix. The large scale behavior of systems having a large number of interacting degrees of freedom, are suitably described using renormalization group, from non-Gaussian dis...

Duranthon, O. Di Molfetta, Giuseppe

One can think of some physical evolutions as being the emergent-effective result of a microscopic discrete model. Inspired by classical coarse graining procedures, we provide a simple procedures to coarse-grain color-blind quantum cellular automata, following Goldilock rules. The procedure consists in (i) space-time grouping the quantum cellular au...

Colomba, Giuseppina Maria Elena Urone, Noemi Marco, Vito di Ferraro, Donatella
Published in
Viruses

Therapies for HCV care could change the prevalence and the geographic distribution of genotypes due to differences in Sustained Virologic Response (SVR). In this scenario, uncommon genotypes/subtypes, such as genotype 4, could spread from high-risk groups, replacing genotypes eradicated by antiviral drugs. Genotype eradication is also strongly infl...

Guiot, B. Borquez, A. Deur, A. Werner, K.
Published in
Journal of High Energy Physics

We investigate the possible existence of graviballs, a system of bound gravitons, and show that two gravitons can be bound together by their gravitational interaction. This idea connects to black hole formation by a high-energy 2 → N scattering and to the gravitational geon studied by Brill and Hartle. Our calculations rely on the formalism and tec...