The reference method for the assessment of diaphragm function relies on the measurement of transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi). Local muscle stiffness measured using ultrafast shear wave elastography (SWE) provides reliable estimates of muscle force in locomotor muscles. This study aimed at investigating whether SWE could be used as a surrogate of Pd...
Abstract—The task of this review was to acquaint specialists with the methodical aspects of studies devoted to the function of human respiratory muscles and the most important points in the interpretation of investigation results. The paper discusses specialized aspects in measuring the maximal respiratory pressures, the main principles of the elec...
Validerad;2018;Nivå 1;2018-03-06 (andbra)
Diaphragmatic thickness fraction measurements based on diaphragmatic ultrasound assessment in subjects with COPD seemed to be unable to identify subjects at high risk of symptoms and exacerbations as defined by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease ABCD composite disease index.
Recent animal studies and intraoperative studies in humans suggested that phrenic nerve stimulation could attenuate ventilator-induced diaphragm dysfunction. The purpose of the present study is to examine the safety and feasibility of diaphragm pacing during the weaning process after bilateral lung transplantation. Four patients, suffering from chr...
Muscle & nerve
Muscle & nerve
Piezoelectric diaphragms are low-cost acoustic components commonly used in a wide variety of electronic devices, where the typical function is to generate an audible alarm. However, scientific study concerning the use of these components in advanced applications has increased in recent years because of their low cost and widespread availability in ...
High altitude medicine & biology
NRD sleep increases at altitude in relation to the severity of periodic breathing.
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether non-lethal sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) modulates oxidative damage and enzymatic antioxidant defenses in diaphragm and hindlimb skeletal muscles (soleus and Extensor Digitorus Longus (EDL)). METHODS: Female Wistar rats were divided into four experimental groups: (1) c...