Frontiers in Immunology
Multiple lines of evidence have demonstrated that cigarette smoke or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease upregulates angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, the cellular receptor for the entry of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, which predisposes individuals to develop severe Coronavirus disease 2019. The reason for this observation ...
Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
The spinal cord dorsal horn is a major station for integration and relay of somatosensory information and comprises both excitatory and inhibitory neuronal populations. The homeobox gene Tlx3 acts as a selector gene to control the development of late-born excitatory (dILB) neurons by specifying glutamatergic transmitter fate in dorsal spinal cord. ...
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Human genomes contain about 100,000 LINE-1 (L1) retroelements, of which more than 100 are intact. L1s are normally tightly controlled by epigenetic mechanisms, which often fail in cancer. In bladder urothelial carcinoma (UC), particularly, L1s become DNA-hypomethylated, expressed and contribute to genomic instability and tumor growth. It is, howeve...
The Journal of experimental medicine
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) rapidly produce type I interferon (IFN-I) in response to viruses and are essential for antiviral immune responses. Although related to classical DCs (cDCs) in their development and expression profile, pDCs possess many distinct features. Unlike cDCs, pDCs develop in the bone marrow (BM) and emerge into peripheral...
Frontiers in Physiology
BackgroundAmeloblasts are epithelially derived cells responsible for enamel formation through a process known as amelogenesis. Amongst the several transcription factors that are expressed during amelogenesis, both Msx2 and Sp6 transcription factors play important role. Msx2 and Sp6 mouse mutants, exhibit similar amelogenesis defects, namely enamel ...
Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology
线性染色质经过多重折叠凝缩到真核生物的细胞核中，染色质的三维构象直接决定了真核生物的基因表达，因此染色质可以在局部或远程空间上发生互作调控基因转录。折叠成环状构象的染色质可以借助染色质构象捕获 (Chromosome conformation capture，3C) 技术来研究，基于3C 技术扩展的4C/5C/Hi-C 从单个位点延伸到全基因组捕捉三维构象，在此基础上，染色质构象核心技术可以与免疫共沉淀、核酸分子杂交、单细胞、基因组测序等技术偶联而产生新的衍生技术和应用，这极大地推动了染色质构象技术在基因时空特异性表达调控上的研究。文中将以3C 和Hi-C 等三维基因组核心技术为基础，重点介绍染色质构象捕获及其衍生技术的原理和前沿应用。.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
In the present study, differences in the expression of target genes between chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) datasets of breast cancer MCF-7 cells treated with antibodies to E74-like factor 1 (ELF1) and cold-shock domain-containing E1 (CSDE1) were analyzed and gene regulatory networks were established. The datasets were downloade...
Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology
The expression and activity of CYP3A4 vary among individuals. With the development of epigenetics, it is now possible to elucidate interindividual differences in drug-metabolizing enzymes. Here, we aimed to explore the potential relationship between DNA methylation and CYP3A4 expression. We analyzed the effect of a DNA methylation inhibitor, 5-aza-...
Rv1019, a member of an uncharacterized tetracycline resistance regulator family of transcriptional regulators of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv, was found to be differentially expressed during dormancy and reactivation in vitro. In this study, we show that this protein binds to its own promoter and acts as a negative regulator of its own expressi...
Hepatocyte nuclear factor-1β (HNF-1β) is a DNA-binding transcription factor that is essential for normal kidney development. Mutations of HNF1B in humans produce cystic kidney diseases, including renal cysts and diabetes, multicystic dysplastic kidneys, glomerulocystic kidney disease, and autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease. Expres...