This research examines the role of confirmation bias in prosecutorial decisions before, during and after the prosecution. It also evaluates whether confirmation bias is reduced by changing the decision maker between arrest and prosecution. In Experiment 1, Swedish prosecutors (N = 40) assessed 8 scenarios where they either decided themselves or wer...
Cardiac arrest is a state when the heart has lost the ability to pump blood to the body which causes cerebral and coronary ischemia. Cardiac arrest is defined as sudden and sustained unconsciousness with pulselessness and suspension of breathing or agonal breathing. Common symptoms that can arise one hour before a cardiac arrest includes dizziness,...
This systematic review evaluates the use of SDF for both root caries prevention and arrest in older adults. Existing reports of SDF trials support effectiveness in root caries prevention and arrest, remineralization of deep occlusal lesions and treatment of hypersensitive dentin.
Journal of developmental and life-course criminology
Some results, particularly transitioning into marijuana use, offer qualified support for processes proscribed through labeling theory. Findings that arrest shifts individuals into non-marijuana use suggest that factors not accounted for by labeling theory - arrest serving as a teachable moment for those using substances - may be at play.
Entre los derechos que se les reconocen a las personas detenidas, investigadas y encausadas en un proceso penal, figura, entre otros, el derecho a guardar silencio, a no declarar contra sí mismo y a no confesarse culpable, a no contestar alguna o algunas de las preguntas que se le formulen, o a manifestar que sólo declarará ante el juez, como parte...
Journal of interpersonal violence
Developmental psychopathology theories suggest that childhood adversity can contribute to antisocial conduct and delinquent activities. The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) on arrest patterns in a sample of sexual offenders (N = 740). Higher ACE scores were associated with a variety of arrest...
This report is the result of 7 months of delving into the world of tactical arrest teams and their operations, to ultimately design a tool which would make their job easier in the future and could possibly become a lifesaver for people all around the world.
Journal of the International AIDS Society
The review points to a small body of evidence that confirms policing practices as an important structural HIV determinant for sex workers, but studies lack generalizability with respect to identifying those police behaviours most relevant to women's HIV risk environment.
In 1996, a coordinated community response (CCR) was formally established in a mid-sized Midwestern city to improve the criminal justice response to intimate partner violence (IPV). Data for this study included all IPV-related incidents to which the local police department responded since the establishment of the CCR for a fourteen year period. Effe...