In March 2020, when COVID-19 epidemics involved several countries, the WHO defined the infection as a pandemic. Government adopted measures to prevent the diffusion of infection; i.e. quarantine and isolation. One of the consequences of quarantine-induced stress is a change in lifestyle and eating habits leading to obesity. The present commentary b...
Genetic microdeletion at the 22q11 locus is associated with very high risk for schizophrenia. The 22q11.2 microdeletion (Df(h22q11)/+) mouse model shows cognitive deficits observed in this disorder, some of which can be linked to dysfunction of the prefrontal cortex (PFC). We used behavioral (n = 10 per genotype), electrophysiological (n = 7 per ge...
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Caring for an individual with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in ideal circumstances can be stressful, and the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic created a high degree of disruption to life and stress to families living with an individual with ASD. We conducted an online survey of families in Michigan that revealed higher levels of stress in ca...
Background The acknowledgment of the mental health toll of the COVID-19 epidemic in healthcare workers has increased considerably as the disease evolved into a pandemic status. Indeed, high prevalence rates of depression, sleep disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been reported in Chinese healthcare workers during the epidemic ...
Neurobiology of Stress
• Women maintain the most severe sleep and psychological disturbances during lockdown. • Only men show a deterioration over time of sleep and psychological well-being. • Women prove a greater long-term resilience to the extension of the home confinement. • Gender gap of clinical insomnia and depression decreases after one month of lockdown.
Nutrition & Metabolism
In obesity, endocrine and metabolic perturbations, including those induced by chronic activation of the hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal axis, are associated with the accumulation of adipose tissue and inflammation. Such changes are attributable to a combination of genetic and epigenetic factors that are influenced by the environment and exacerbated ...
Journal of Criminal Justice
• The mixed-method study assessed officers' strain over ten weeks after the lockdown. • On average, officers seemed to tolerate the strain with slight decreases over time. • Demography and coping factors explained variance between countries and individuals. • Risk of infection and deficient communication emerged as main stressors. • Crisis manageme...
Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews
Breast cancer diagnosis, surgery, adjuvant therapies and survivorship can all be extremely stressful. In women, concerns about body image are common as a result of the disease and can affect interpersonal relationships, possibly leading to social isolation, increasing the likelihood for mood disorders. This is particularly relevant as women are at ...
Brain, Behavior, & Immunity - Health
• This study demonstrates excellent validity and reliability of the Pandemic Emotional Impact Scale. • Data were from a nationally representative sample of 1500 adults living in the US. • The PEIS can be used to assess the emotional effects of this and future pandemics.
Sn Comprehensive Clinical Medicine
Stress is one of the effective factors in the occurrence of negative effects during pregnancy that can cause adverse outcomes such as preterm delivery and reduced intrauterine growth of the fetus in pregnant women. Therefore, one of the serious concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic is the physical health and mental health of pregnant women. This st...