Current Cardiology Reports
Purpose of ReviewThis review describes the normal structure and pathologic changes that affect the right-sided cardiac valves and chambers.Recent FindingsThe anatomy and pathology described have been known for many years. Knowledge of these findings has gained relevance. The pattern of endocarditis is changing. New diagnostic techniques have allowe...
Journal of community hospital internal medicine perspectives
Pulmonary valve (PV) infective endocarditis (IE) is an extremely rare disease that involves normal as well as abnormal valves. This condition mostly occurs in patients with underlying predisposing factors. It could be missed if patients do not present with typical features of right-sided endocarditis or in the absence of classic risk factors. The c...
Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography
Careful evaluation of pulmonic valve in echocardiography should be done, when ever vegetation is not detected in other valves, and clinical suspicion for infective endocarditis is high.
Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography
Recent advancement in computed tomography angiography (CTA) has enabled the noninvasive delineation of cardiac valves using this method. Although echocardiography is the current standard, CTA is a valuable complementary imaging method to evaluate valvular morphology and function. In addition, CTA may contribute to the assessment of both congenital ...
In this two-part series, we discuss the anatomical basis for arrhythmias arising above the semilunar valves. In this part (part I), we describe the relevant anatomy and technique for mapping and ablation of ventricular arrhythmias arising above either the pulmonic or the aortic valve. After an initial discussion of the underlying anatomy and charac...