Health & place
Although studies have suggested that community social capital contributes to narrow income-based inequality in depression, the impacts may depend on its components. Our multilevel cross-sectional analysis of data from 42,208 men and 45,448 women aged 65 years or older living in 565 school districts in Japan found that higher community-level civic p...
Journal of psychiatric research
Depression and body mass index (BMI) are known to be associated with body image, however, their independent or joint effects on body image in adults are largely unknown. Therefore, we studied associations of depression diagnosis, severity, and BMI with perceptual body size (PBS) and body image dissatisfaction (BID). Cross-sectional data from 882 re...
These findings together with other findings show that preabortion depressive symptoms do not uniformly influence effectiveness level of contraceptive method selected to use after an abortion. Reproductive health care providers should consider the impact of women's psychological symptoms on their contraceptive decision making.
International journal of psychology : Journal international de psychologie
Owing to the potentially devastating effects of trauma-induced depression, explaining the relationship between trauma and depressive symptoms is important. In this study, we measured lifelong exposure to potentially traumatic events and depressive symptoms in 370-female undergraduates. We also measured anxiety, past negative time perspective and di...
European journal of nutrition
Our study is the first to show independent inverse relationships between intake of total soy products, tofu, tofu products, fermented soybeans, boiled soybeans, miso soup, and isoflavones and depressive symptoms during pregnancy.
Aging & mental health
The study results have clinical implications since such relationships can be concealed while assessing depressive symptoms as a single GDS factor. Thus, the patterns of the GDS factors, SM, and OM derived from this study can be very useful for clinicians who conduct assessments on depressive symptoms and memory failures.
La mayor necesidad de energía eléctrica hace que la instalación de centrales hidroeléctricas es una inversión importante; Sin embargo, los impactos ambientales y humanos derivados de la instalación de presas deben ser evaluados correctamente. Hemos tratado de investigar la prevalencia de síntomas depresivos, ansiedad y el estrés de una población qu...
Brain, behavior, and immunity
Our study does not support the hypothesis that dietary patterns linked to inflammatory markers are associated with higher depressive symptoms and higher depression incidence. However, dietary intake in our population of older adults was quite homogeneous which makes it difficult to show clear associations.
Este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar las propiedades psicométricas de dos instrumentos de evaluación de síntomas depresivos, Inventario de Depresión Infantil (CDI) y los niños y jóvenes Escala de Depresión Baptista (EBADEP-IJ), las versiones completas y cortos. En el análisis de los parámetros de dificultad y discriminación de los ítems, en com...
Objective: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and body image dissatisfaction (BID) are common problems among college students, but few studies focused on medical students. We aimed to estimate the prevalence, severity and correlates of SAD symptoms and BID among medical students of a Brazilian public university. Methods: A cross-sectional study with 479...