Journal of cell science
During the transition from pluripotency to a lineage-committed state, chromatin undergoes large-scale changes in structure, involving covalent modification of histone tails, use of histone variants, and gene position changes with respect to the nuclear periphery. Here, using high-resolution microscopy and quantitative image analysis, we surveyed a ...
BackgroundTransposable elements (TEs) are an almost universal constituent of eukaryotic genomes. In animals, Piwi-interacting small RNAs (piRNAs) and repressive chromatin often play crucial roles in preventing TE transcription and thus restricting TE activity. Nevertheless, TE content varies widely across eukaryotes and the dynamics of TE activity ...
Measurement(s) open_chromatin_regionTechnology Type(s)ATAC-seqFactor Type(s)developmental stageSample Characteristic - OrganismBombus terrestris Machine-accessible metadata file describing the reported data: 10.6084/m9.figshare.13047905
Journal of Biosciences
Post-translational modification (PTM) in histone proteins is a covalent modification which mainly consists of methylation, phosphorylation, acetylation, ubiquitylation, SUMOylation, glycosylation, and ADP-ribosylation. PTMs have fundamental roles in chromatin structure and function. Histone modifications have also been known as epigenetic markers. ...
SIRT6 plays essential roles in metabolism, tumor suppression, and DNA repair through the deacetylation of histone substrates. Here the authors use biophysical methods to investigate the molecular basis for SIRT6 interaction with the nucleosome core particle.
Experimental cell research
SETDB1 is a histone methyltransferase that converts H3K9me2 to H3K9me3. SETDB1 activity and H3K9me3 are crucial for the formation of obligately silenced heterochromatin such as that of centromeres. Here we show that a microRNA, miR-152-3p, is involved in the regulation of SETDB1 protein levels, but surprisingly, miR-152-3p plays a positive regulato...
In this study, we probed the importance of O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) activity for the survival of tamoxifen-sensitive (TamS) and tamoxifen-resistant (TamR) breast cancer cells. Tamoxifen is an antagonist of estrogen receptor (ERα), a transcription factor expressed in over 50% of breast cancers. ERα-positive breast cancers are successfully treated ...
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
We propose a methodology for the study of protein-DNA electrostatic interactions and apply it to clarify the effect of histone tails in nucleosomes. This method can be used to correlate electrostatic interactions to structural and functional features of protein-DNA systems, and can be combined with coarse-grained representations. In particular, we ...
Epigenetics & Chromatin
BackgroundThe histone H3K36me3 mark regulates transcription elongation, pre-mRNA splicing, DNA methylation, and DNA damage repair. However, knowledge of the regulation of the enzyme SETD2, which deposits this functionally important mark, is very limited.ResultsHere, we show that the poorly characterized N-terminal region of SETD2 plays a determinin...
The high-order structure of mitotic chromosomes remains to be fully elucidated. How nucleosomes compact at various structural levels into a condensed mitotic chromosome is unclear. Cryogenic preservation and imaging have been applied for over three decades, keeping biological structures close to the native in vivo state. Despite being extensively u...