Sandner, Stefan Escudero, Miguel Witte, Samuel J.

The cosmic microwave background (CMB) has proven to be an invaluable tool for studying the properties and interactions of neutrinos, providing insight not only into the sum of neutrino masses but also the free streaming nature of neutrinos prior to recombination. The CMB is a particularly powerful probe of new eV-scale bosons interacting with neutr...

Cabass, Giovanni Ivanov, Mikhail M. Philcox, Oliver H. E. Simonovic, Marko Zaldarriaga, Matias

We forecast the constraints on single-field inflation from the bispectrum of future high-redshift surveys such as MegaMapper. Considering non-local primordial non-Gaussianity (NLPNG), we find that current methods will yield constraints of order $\sigma(f_{\rm NL}^{\rm eq})\approx 23$, $\sigma(f_{\rm NL}^{\rm orth})\approx 12$ in a joint power-spect...

Conzinu, P. Fanizza, G. Gasperini, M. Pavone, E. Tedesco, L. Veneziano, G.

We first make more precise a recent "Hamiltonian" reformulation of the Hohm-Zwiebach approach to the tree-level, $O(d,d)$-invariant string cosmology equations at all orders in the $\alpha'$ expansion, and recall how it allows to give a simple characterization of a large class of cosmological scenarios connecting, through a non-singular bounce, two ...

Cardoso, Vitor Kimura, Masashi Maselli, Andrea Senatore, Leonardo
Published in
Physical review letters

Effective field theory methods suggest that some rather general extensions of general relativity include, or are mimicked by, certain higher-order curvature corrections, with coupling constants expected to be small but otherwise arbitrary. Thus, the tantalizing prospect to test the fundamental nature of gravity with gravitational-wave observations,...

Carney, Daniel Domcke, Valerie Rodd, Nicholas L.

We revisit a question asked by Dyson: "Is a graviton detectable?" We demonstrate that in both Dyson's original sense and in a more modern measurement-theoretic sense, it is possible to construct a detector sensitive to single gravitons, and in fact a variety of existing and near-term gravitational wave detectors can achieve this. However, while suc...

Lee, Sung Mook Modak, Tanmoy Oda, Kin-ya Takahashi, Tomo
Published in
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

The general scalar-tensor theory that includes all the dimension-four terms has parameter regions that can produce successful inflation consistent with cosmological observations. This theory is in fact the same as the Higgs-Starobinsky inflation, when the scalar is identified with the Standard Model Higgs boson. We consider possible dimension-six o...

Bottaro, Salvatore Caputo, Andrea Raffelt, Georg Vitagliano, Edoardo
Published in
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

We revisit stellar energy-loss bounds on the Yukawa couplings g B,L of baryophilic and leptophilic scalars ϕ. The white-dwarf luminosity function yields g B ≲ 7 × 10-13 and g L ≲ 4 × 10-16, based on bremsstrahlung from 12C and 16O collisions with electrons. In models with a Higgs portal, this also implies a bound on the scalar-Higgs mixing angle si...

Fürst, Philipp

The Ice Cube Neutrino Observatory has been measuring an isotropic astrophysical neutrino flux in multiple detection channels for almost a decade. Galactic diffuse emission, which arises from the interactions between cosmic rays and the interstellar medium, is an expected signal in IceCube. The superposition of an extragalactic flux and a galactic f...

Ellis, John Fairbairn, Malcolm Franciolini, Gabriele Hütsi, Gert Iovino, Antonio Lewicki, Marek Raidal, Martti Urrutia, Juan Vaskonen, Ville Veermäe, Hardi
...

The most conservative interpretation of the nHz stochastic gravitational wave background (SGWB) discovered by NANOGrav and other Pulsar Timing Array (PTA) Collaborations is astrophysical, namely that it originates from supermassive black hole (SMBH) binaries. However, alternative cosmological models have been proposed, including cosmic strings, pha...

Stock, Dennis Di Dio, Enea Durrer, Ruth
Published in
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

Hawking's quasi-local energy definition quantifies the energy enclosed by a spacelike 2-sphere in terms of the amount of lightbending on the sphere caused by the energy distribution inside the sphere. This paper establishes for the first time a direct connection between the formal mathematical definition of a quasi-local energy and observations, in...