Ibrahim, S Lin, Q Titi, ES

Large scale dynamics of the oceans and the atmosphere are governed by the primitive equations (PEs). It is well-known that the three-dimensional viscous PEs is globally well-posed in Sobolev spaces. On the other hand, the inviscid PEs without rotation is known to be ill-posed in Sobolev spaces, and its smooth solutions can form singularity in finit...

Cloninger, A Li, H Saito, N

We introduce a set of novel multiscale basis transforms for signals on graphs that utilize their “dual” domains by incorporating the “natural” distances between graph Laplacian eigenvectors, rather than simply using the eigenvalue ordering. These basis dictionaries can be seen as generalizations of the classical Shannon wavelet packet dictionary to...

Liu, Xin Titi, Edriss S

AbstractThis work is devoted to establishing the local-in-time well-posedness of strong solutions to the three-dimensional compressible primitive equations of atmospheric dynamics. It is shown that strong solutions exist, are unique, and depend continuously on the initial data, for a short time in two cases: with gravity but without vacuum, and wit...

Mahfoze, O Laizet, S

This numerical study based on high-order finite-difference schemes presents LES-NWR (Large Eddy Simulation with near-wall resolution) of turbulent channel flows up to Reτ = 5200 using non-explicit approaches for which numerical dissipation is introduced via the discretisation of viscous terms of the Navier-Stokes equations. These models are cheaper...

Alexandru, AB Gatsis, K Shoukry, Y Seshia, SA Tabuada, P Pappas, GJ

This article develops a cloud-based protocol for a constrained quadratic optimization problem involving multiple parties, each holding private data. The protocol is based on the projected gradient ascent on the Lagrange dual problem and exploits partially homomorphic encryption and secure communication techniques. Using formal cryptographic definit...

Hines, Oliver Vansteelandt, Stijn Diaz-Ordaz, Karla

We consider mediated effects of an exposure, X on an outcome, Y, via a mediator, M, under no unmeasured confounding assumptions in the setting where models for the conditional expectation of the mediator and outcome are partially linear. We propose G-estimators for the direct and indirect effect and demonstrate consistent asymptotic normality for i...

Iyer, AS Abe, Y Vermeire, BC Bechlars, P Baier, RD Jameson, A Witherden, FD Vincent, P

Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations and wind tunnel testing have become the go-to tools for industrial design of Low-Pressure Turbine (LPT) blades. However, there is also an emerging interest in use of scale-resolving simulations, including Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS). These could generate insight and data to underpin developm...

Helton, J William Kelly, Frank P Williams, Ruth J Ziedins, Ilze

AbstractUnlimited access to a motorway network can, in overloaded conditions, cause a loss of throughput. Ramp metering, by controlling access to the motorway at onramps, can help avoid this loss of throughput. The queues that form at onramps are dependent on the metering rates chosen at the onramps, and these choices affect how the capacities of d...

Ladiges, DR Nonaka, A Klymko, K Moore, GC Bell, JB Carney, SP Garcia, AL Natesh, SR Donev, A

In this paper we develop a methodology for the mesoscale simulation of strong electrolytes. The methodology is an extension of the fluctuating immersed-boundary approach that treats a solute as discrete Lagrangian particles that interact with Eulerian hydrodynamic and electrostatic fields. In both algorithms the immersed-boundary method of Peskin i...

Phillips, TRF Heaney, CE Smith, PN Pain, CC

Using an autoencoder for dimensionality reduction, this article presents a novel projection‐based reduced‐order model for eigenvalue problems. Reduced‐order modeling relies on finding suitable basis functions which define a low‐dimensional space in which a high‐dimensional system is approximated. Proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) and singular v...