Koulouri, Alexandra Brookes, Mike Rimpilainen, Ville

In vector tomography (VT), the aim is to reconstruct an unknown multi-dimensional vector field using line integral data. In the case of a 2-dimensional VT, two types of line integral data are usually required. These data correspond to integration of the parallel and perpendicular projection of the vector field along integration lines. VT methods ar...

Reza, M Faraji, F Knoll, A

The topology of the applied magnetic field is an important design aspect of Hall thrusters. For modern Hall thrusters, the magnetic field topology most often features curved lines with a concave (negative) curvature upstream of the field’s peak and a convex (positive) curvature downstream. Additionally, the advent of the magnetic shielding techniqu...

Friston, K Da Costa, L Sajid, N Heins, C Ueltzhöffer, K Pavliotis, GA Parr, T

Bressloff, PC

Active matter concerns the self-organization of energy consuming elements such as motile bacteria or self-propelled colloids. A canonical example is an active Brownian particle (ABP) that moves at a constant speed while its direction of motion undergoes rotational diffusion. When ABPs are confined within a channel, they tend to accumulate at the ch...

Deveci, M Gokasar, I Castillo, O Daim, T

Developments in transportation systems, changes in consumerism trends, and conditions such as COVID-19 have increased both the demand and the load on freight transportation. Since various companies are transporting goods all over the world to evaluate the sustainability, speed, and resiliency of freight transportation systems, data and freight flui...

Agostini, L Leschziner, M

Rahnamay Bonab, S Jafarzadeh Ghoushchi, S Deveci, M Haseli, G

Autonomous vehicles (AVs) are the newest products in the intelligent transportation system that can move around with minimal human intervention. These products continue their path with all kinds of sensors with different parts. Effective use of these technologies in the logistics industry can create a competitive advantage. Nowadays, there are many...

Graefe, E-M Schubert, R Christie, R Eastman, J

The dynamics of Gaussian states for open quantum systems described by Lindblad equations can be solved analytically for systems with quadratic Hamiltonians and linear Lindbladians, showing the familiar phenomena of dissipation and decoherence. It is well known that the Lindblad dynamics can be expressed as an ensemble average over stochastic pure-s...

Chen, L Lee, CF Maitra, A Toner, J

We present a hydrodynamic theory of incompressible polar active fluids with quenched random field disorder. This theory shows that such fluids can overcome the disruption caused by the quenched disorder and move coherently, in the sense of having a nonzero mean velocity in the hydrodynamic limit. However, the scaling behavior of this class of activ...

Zhou, X Sun, C Wang, B Jiang, J

Central cracking refers to the formation of internal cavities in cross wedge rolling (CWR) products. It occurs in various materials such as aluminium/titanium alloys, steels and plasticine at room or elevated temperatures, driven by different central cracking mechanisms. However, these mechanisms are still elusive, and a unified central cracking pr...