Martin, Jérôme Vennin, Vincent

Attempts to apply quantum collapse theories to Cosmology and cosmic inflation are reviewed. These attempts are motivated by the fact that the theory of cosmological perturbations of quantum-mechanical origin suffers from the single outcome problem, which is a modern incarnation of the quantum measurement problem, and that collapse models can provid...

Abbott, B.P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T.D. Abraham, S. Acernese, F. Ackley, K. Adams, C. Adhikari, R.X. Adya, V.B. Affeldt, C.
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On 2019 April 25, the LIGO Livingston detector observed a compact binary coalescence with signal-to-noise ratio 12.9. The Virgo detector was also taking data that did not contribute to detection due to a low signal-to-noise ratio, but were used for subsequent parameter estimation. The 90% credible intervals for the component masses range from 1.12 ...

Le Corre, Stéphane

Cet article fournit une solution physique à l’inflation cosmologique, à l’apparition de la période de radiation et à la période de réchauffement. Elle ne nécessite pas d’énergie noire grâce à une constante cosmologique nulle. L’inflation cosmologique est une solution mathématique considérée comme nécessaire à la cohérence des modèles cosmologiques....

Ezquiaga, Jose María García-Bellido, Juan Vennin, Vincent

The curvature perturbations produced during an early era of inflation are known to have quasi-Gaussian distribution functions close to their maximum, where they are well constrained by measurements of the cosmic microwave background anisotropies and of the large-scale structures. In contrast, the tails of these distributions are poorly known, altho...

Maggiore, Michele Van Den Broeck, Chris Bartolo, Nicola Belgacem, Enis Bertacca, Daniele Bizouard, Marie Anne Branchesi, Marica Clesse, Sebastien Foffa, Stefano García-Bellido, Juan
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The Einstein Telescope (ET), a proposed European ground-based gravitational-wave detector of third-generation, is an evolution of second-generation detectors such as Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo, and KAGRA which could be operating in the mid 2030s. ET will explore the universe with gravitational waves up to cosmological distances. We discuss its m...

Colin, Jacques Mohayaee, Roya Rameez, Mohamed Sarkar, Subir

We have shown (Colin et al. 2019) that the acceleration of the Hubble expansion rate inferred from Type Ia supernovae is essentially a dipole with 3.9$\sigma$ significance, approximately aligned with the CMB dipole, while its monopole component which may be interpreted as due to a Cosmological Constant (or more generally dark energy) is consistent ...

Elder, Benjamin Vardanyan, Valeri Akrami, Yashar Brax, Philippe Davis, Anne-Christine Decca, Ricardo S.

The symmetron is a typical example of screened modified gravity, wherein the symmetron force is dynamically suppressed in dense environments. This allows it to hide in traditional tests of gravity. However, the past decade has seen great experimental progress towards measuring screened forces in the laboratory or in space. Screening relies on nonli...

Amadei, Lautaro Liu, Hongguang Perez, Alejandro

In approaches to quantum gravity, where smooth spacetime is an emergent approximation of a discrete Planckian fundamental structure, any effective smooth field theoretical description would miss part of the fundamental degrees of freedom and thus break unitarity. This is applicable also to trivial gravitational field (low energy) idealizations real...

Han, Muxin Liu, Hongguang

We propose a new derivation from the full Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG) to the Loop Quantum Cosmology (LQC) improved $\bar{\mu}$-scheme effective dynamics, based on the reduced phase space formulation of LQG and a proposal of effective Hamiltonian/action in the full LQG. A key step of our program is an improved regularization of the full LQG Hamiltoni...

Cusin, Giulia Lewandowski, Matthew Vernizzi, Filippo

We develop an approach to parametrize cosmological perturbations beyond linear order for general dark energy and modified gravity models characterized by a single scalar degree of freedom. We derive the full nonlinear action, focusing on Horndeski theories. In the quasi-static, non-relativistic limit, there are a total of six independent relevant o...