ronchiolitis has the highest incidence rate of any lower respiratory infection among infants and children <2 years of age. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common etiology of bronchiolitis. The American Academy of Pediatrics does not recommend routine RSV testing for infants and children with bronchiolitis. The clinical predictors of R...
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
We evaluated antenatal ultrasound (U/S) exposure as a risk factor for autism spectrum disorders (ASD), comparing affected singleton children and control children born 1995-1999 and enrolled in the Kaiser Permanente health care system. Among children
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in infancy is associated with subsequent recurrent wheezing. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study examined children born at >=32 weeks gestation between 1996--2004. All children were
Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition
To examine the relationship between high (≥5%) weight loss during the first 24 h after birth and eventual excess weight loss (EWL) of ≥10% of birth weight.
Retrospective cohort study.
Kaiser Permanente Northern California hospitals.
63 096 infants born at ≥36 weeks in 2009-2010, of whom 59 761 (94.5%) had a weight subsequent to birth weight measure...
D61. RESPIRATORY CLINICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
BMC Health Services Research
Bronchiolitis is common in the first two years of life and is the most frequent cause of hospitalization in this age group. No previous studies have used an episode-of-care analysis to describe the frequency, duration, and predictors of bronchiolitis episodes
Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Immunoprophylaxis is the only pharmaceutical intervention for mitigating respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Patient level data on adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) immunoprophylaxis recommendations are limited. This study characterizes adherence to AAP guidelines in privately insured and Medicaid populations
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
To quantify the relationship between recurrent wheezing (RW) in the third year of life and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, prematurity, and neonatal oxygen exposure.
Retrospective cohort study linking inpatient, outpatient, and laboratory databases for cohort assembly and logistic regression analysis.
Integrated health care delivery sy...
The continuing rise in the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders has led to heightened interest in the role of nongenetic factors, including exogenous exposures, but little research has been conducted. To explore a possible role in autism etiology, we used data available from our prior studies to examine potential occupational exposures, as these...